Working hours - research and reports
Patient safety and clinical error / General performance / Health risks / Fatigue and driver safety / Night shift alertness and napping / Attitudes and experiences / New ways of working / Training implications / Other useful papers
Night work, fatigue and performance
Patient safety and clinical error
- Jakubowicz DM. et al (2005) Effects of a twenty-four hour call period on resident performance during simulated endoscopic sinus surgery in an accreditation council for graduate medical education-compliant training program. Laryngoscope 115(1):143-6.
- Bailit JL., Blanchard MH. (2004) The effect of house staff working hours on the quality of obstetric and gynecologic care. Obstet Gynecol. Apr;103(4):613-6
- Ellman PI. et al (2004) Sleep deprivation does not affect operative results in cardiac surgery. Ann Thorac Surg 78(3):906-11.
- Jensen A. et al (2004) Short-term sleep deficits do not adversely affect acquisition of laparoscopic skills in a laboratory setting. Surg Endosc. Jun;18(6):948-53
- Landrigan C. et al (2004) Effect of reducing interns' work hours on serious medical errors in intensive care units. N Engl J Med. 351:1838-48.
- Mak SK., Spurgeon P. (2004) The effects of acute sleep deprivation on performance of medical residents in a regional hospital: prospective study. Hong Kong Med J. 10(1):14-20.
- Rogers AE. et al (2004) The Working Hours Of Hospital Staff Nurses And Patient Safety. Health Aff (Millwood). Jul-Aug;23(4):202-12.
- The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (2003): Selected Articles on Resident and Physician Work Hours.
- Gaba & Howard (2002) Fatigue among clinicians and the safety of patients. New Engl J Med 347:1249-1255.
- Grantcharov T. et al (2001) Laparoscopic performance after one night on call in a surgical department: prospective study. BMJ. November 24; 323 (7323): 1222–1223.
- Jha, A.K. et al (2001) "Fatigue, Sleepiness and Medical Errors". In: Making Health Care Safer: A Critical Analysis of Patient Safety Practices. Evidence Report/Technology Assessment: Number 43. AHRQ Publication No. 01-E058, July 2001. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/clinic/ptsafety/.
Effects on general performance
- Matthews M.L. et al (2006) Post-call cognitive function and satisfaction in medical students on different call schedules: A prospective observational pilot study. Am J Obstet Gynecol. Jun 20 [epub ahead of print].
- Coburn M. et al (2006) Influence of a 30-min break on divided attention and working memory in resident anaesthetists on daily routine. Br J Anaesth. Jun 21 [epub ahead of print].
- Bartel P. et al (2004) Attention and working memory in resident anaesthetists after night duty: group and individual effects. Occup Environ Med 61(2):167-70.
- Philip P. et al. (2004) Age, performance and sleep deprivation. J Sleep Res. Jun;13(2):105-10.
- Roehrs T., Greenwald M., Roth T. (2004) Risk-Taking Behavior: Effects of Ethanol, Caffeine, and Basal Sleepiness Sleep 27:887-93.
- Wagner U. et al (2004) Sleep inspires insight. Nature. 427(6972):352-5.
- Dawson D. & Reid K. (1995) Fatigue, alcohol and performance impairment. Nature. 388(6639):235.
Health risks to workers
- Chien LY., Ko YL. (2004) Fatigue during pregnancy predicts caesarean deliveries. J Adv Nurs. Mar;45(5):487-94
- Dmitri V. et al (2004)
Effect of the 80-Hour Workweek on Resident Burnout. Arch Surg. 139:933-940.
- Zare SM. et al (2004) Psychological well-being of surgery residents before the 80-hour work week: a multiinstitutional study. J Am Coll Surg. Apr;198(4):633-40
Fatigue and driver safety
- Akerstedt T. (2005) Impaired alertness and performance driving home from the night shift: a driving simulator study. J Sleep Res 14(1):17-20.
- Steier S. et al (2003) Driver drowsiness--are physicians at a special risk? Harefuah 2003;142(5):338-41, 399, 398.
Night shift alertness and napping overnight
- Schweitzer P.K. et al (2006) Laboratory and field studies of naps and caffeine as practical countermeasures for sleep-wake problems associated with night work. Sleep. Jan 1;29(1):39-50.
- Murray, A. et al (2005) Junior doctors' hours and sleep deprivation. BMJ 330(7505):1404. Summary available in the IDWL archive.
- Bonnefond A. et al (2004) A critical review of techniques aiming at enhancing and sustaining workers' alertness during the night shift. Ind Health. 42(1):1-14.
- Hayashi M. et al (2004) Short nap versus short rest: recuperative effects during VDT work. Ergonomics 47(14):1549-60.
- Morton JM. et al (2004) What do surgery residents do on their call nights? Am J Surg. Sep;188(3):225-9.
- Ferrara M. & De Gennaro L. (2000) The Sleep Inertia Phenomenon During the Sleep-Wake Transition: Theoretical and Operational Issues. Aviat Space Environ Med. 71:843-8.
- Hutter M.M. et al (2006) The impact of the 80-hour resident workweek on surgical residents and attending surgeons. Ann Surg. 243(6):864-71; discussion 871-5.
- Lockley S.W. et al (2006) When policy meets physiology: the challenge of reducing resident work hours. Clin Orthop Relat Res. Jun 8 [epub ahead of print].
- Friedman WA. (2004) Resident duty hours in American neurosurgery. Neurosurgery. Apr;54(4):925-31; discussion 931-3.
- Jagsi R., Surender R. (2004) Regulation of junior doctors' work hours: an analysis of British and American doctors' experiences and attitudes. Soc Sci Med. Jun;58(11):2181-91.
- Lamberg L. (2004) Should Sleep-Starved Residents Be Setting Off Alarms? Psych News 39:15 (August 6)
- DeWitt C. et al (2003) A National Survey of Residents' Self-Reported Work Hours: Thinking Beyond Specialty. Academic Medicine 78: 1154-1163.
- Feyer (2001) Fatigue: time to recognise and deal with an old problem
(It's time to stop treating lack of sleep as a badge of honour) BMJ. 322:808-809 (7 April).
- Pickersgill (2001) The European working time directive for doctors in training.
BMJ. 323:1266 (1 December).
- Olson & Ambrogetti (1998)Working harder - working dangerously? Med J Aust. 168: 614-616.
- Nocera & Khursandi (1998) Doctors' working hours: can the medical profession afford to let the courts decide what is reasonable? Med. J Aust. 168: 616-618.
- Holmes (1998)Junior doctors' working hours: an unhealthy tradition? Editorial Med J Aust. 168: 587-588.
- (1994) United States limits resident physicians to 80 hour working week. BMJ. 326:468 (1 March).
- Goldstein MJ. et al (2004) A 360 degrees evaluation of a night-float system for general surgery: A response to mandated work-hours reduction. Curr Surg. 61(5):445-51.
- Lissauer R. (2002) The future workforce. BMJ. 325:S73 (7 September)
- Hutchinson L. et al (2001) The physician assistant: would the US model meet the needs of the NHS? BMJ. 323:1244-1247 (24 November)
- Sakr M. et al (1999) Care of minor injuries by emergency nurse practitioners or junior
doctors: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 354(9187):1321-6.
- Carver (2003) The impact of restrictions in the hours of work of doctors in
training on service delivery and education. Internet: Health Workforce Australia.
Other useful papers
- Whymark C. et al (2006) A Scottish National Prospective Study of airway management skills in new-start SHOs. Br. J. Anaesth. August 1.
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